There are a variety of birth control options available in today's world. Today men and women alike use birth control to help with family planning and pregnancy avoidance as well as to ensure safe sex and to remain free from diseases and infections.
Barrier methods, including female and male condoms and diaphragms impede the fertilization of the ovum (egg).
The nonhormonal birth control options include the intrauterine device and sterilization procedures. Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are implanted in the uterus creating a hostile enough environment to inhibit growth of an embryo. There are hormonal options for IUDs as well.
Hormonal birth controls work by altering the normal menstrual cycle and normal cycle of female hormones to stop ovulation (or the release of egg to be fertilized). These methods do not protect against sexually transmitted diseases (STD) and infections There are many ways that the hormones can be delivered to the women's blood stream.
The oral contraceptive pill is the most well known method of hormonal birth control.
Other forms include a patch, an intravaginal ring and implanted devices.
"DEPO" An injection can also be given. These methods are all available by prescription. Hormonal birth controls harbor some additional risks that can be discussed with your clinician. Every person is different and would benefit from different birth controls in different ways. A complete evaluation with a clinician is necessary to pick a proper birth control.